Oregon-California Trails Association

Oregon-California Trails Association Oregon-California Trails Association - Preserving and protecting the history and land of the American journey and exploration westward. The Oregon-California Trails Association (a non-profit, 501 (C) (3) Association) is the nation's largest and most influential organization dedicated to the preservation and protection of overland emigrant trails and the emigrant experience.

OCTA members protect the trails to prevent the destruction of trail remnants, graves and other trail-related sites. Members also place markers on the trails and maintain existing markers. OCTA also encourages the study of the trails through its publications and through the development of classroom materials for teachers. Members also map the trails and collect data for the documentation of overlan

OCTA members protect the trails to prevent the destruction of trail remnants, graves and other trail-related sites. Members also place markers on the trails and maintain existing markers. OCTA also encourages the study of the trails through its publications and through the development of classroom materials for teachers. Members also map the trails and collect data for the documentation of overlan

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Operating as usual

Photos from California Trail Interpretive Center's post
09/17/2021

Photos from California Trail Interpretive Center's post

Photos from California Trail Interpretive Center's post
09/16/2021

Photos from California Trail Interpretive Center's post

Many thanks to all who participated in this afternoon’s activity stations. After hearing all about the cultures and cust...
09/16/2021

Many thanks to all who participated in this afternoon’s activity stations. After hearing all about the cultures and customs along the trails, it was a treat to experience some of it firsthand!

#historicpreservation #historictrails #trailspreservation #oregontrails #californiatrails #OCTA

Many thanks to all who participated in this afternoon’s activity stations. After hearing all about the cultures and customs along the trails, it was a treat to experience some of it firsthand!

#historicpreservation #historictrails #trailspreservation #oregontrails #californiatrails #OCTA

Kicking off Wednesday’s keynote speakers is history teacher Jill Jones with her presentation on Making Trail History Com...
09/15/2021

Kicking off Wednesday’s keynote speakers is history teacher Jill Jones with her presentation on Making Trail History Come Alive. OCTA named Jill Educator of the Year in 2019 for her excellent work in teaching the trails west. Photos by Steve Knight

#historicpreservation #historictrails #trailspreservation #oregontrails #californiatrails #OCTA

OCTA debuted its newest short video on the first day of the Elko convention last Monday. This 6-minute video was filmed ...
09/15/2021
On the Butterfield Overland Trail

OCTA debuted its newest short video on the first day of the Elko convention last Monday. This 6-minute video was filmed in the desert of eastern San Diego County along the Butterfield Overland/Mormon Battalion Route. Join us over the last weekend of January 2022 for a symposium that will feature many of the sites you'll see in this video. Thanks to Kevin Marcus at Knowledge Tree Films in Hollywood and Steve Brown from the PBS series "Southwest Stories" for their incredible production here. They volunteered their time and created this at no cost to OCTA, so thank you so much, gentlemen! We look forward to working with you on future projects.

This is "On the Butterfield Overland Trail" by Knowledge Tree Films on Vimeo, the home for high quality videos and the people who love them.

09/15/2021

Dave Locke from Minden NV providing entertainment at the California Trail Interpretive Center! Video provided by Steve Knight

Pictures from the Bidwell-Bartleson Route of 1841 over the Ruby Mountains and around Ruby Lake. We still have two more d...
09/15/2021

Pictures from the Bidwell-Bartleson Route of 1841 over the Ruby Mountains and around Ruby Lake. We still have two more days at the Elko convention. Join us!

Pictures from "The Humboldt is North....So Let's Go South" tour yesterday at our Elko Convention. Thanks to Steve Knight...
09/15/2021

Pictures from "The Humboldt is North....So Let's Go South" tour yesterday at our Elko Convention. Thanks to Steve Knight for these submissions.

Photos from California Trail Interpretive Center's post
09/15/2021

Photos from California Trail Interpretive Center's post

For the past two nights, convention goers have had the fantastic opportunity to visit the California Trail Interpretive ...
09/15/2021

For the past two nights, convention goers have had the fantastic opportunity to visit the California Trail Interpretive Center! The photos don’t do it justice, if you’re ever in the area this is a must-see!

More snapshots from today’s tours! The weather here in Elko is beautiful!
09/14/2021

More snapshots from today’s tours! The weather here in Elko is beautiful!

Moments from today’s Gravelly Ford tour! Participants began their day at the Elko Hot Hole, and ended with views of Carl...
09/14/2021

Moments from today’s Gravelly Ford tour! Participants began their day at the Elko Hot Hole, and ended with views of Carlin Canyon ⛰

Photos from California Trail Interpretive Center's post
09/14/2021

Photos from California Trail Interpretive Center's post

Our third speaker of the afternoon is underway at the Elko convention. Peter Meyerhoff, "The Hastings - Semple Overland ...
09/13/2021

Our third speaker of the afternoon is underway at the Elko convention.

Peter Meyerhoff, "The Hastings - Semple Overland Party of 1845, and the Genesis of the Hastings Cut-Off."

Peter Meyerhof is a general dentist in Sonoma, California who has spent his free time over the last 25 years researching the early history of Northern California from the time of the Missions, through the Mexican period, the Bear Flag Revolt, the gold rush, statehood, to the Civil War. He has visited archives and libraries across the country to find primary sources for his many presentations and publications that deal in depth with his findings. Among these, he has written an extensive manuscript on the life of the important California pioneer (and dentist) Dr. Robert Semple. In researching this work, it became apparent that his immigration party led by Lansford Hastings in 1845, was itself unique in its purpose, its very late departure, and its route. It is very important, yet poorly known by most. Hastings' experience on and immediately after this trip provides us with valuable insights into his thinking and the Hastings Cut-Off.

Our second speaker of the afternoon for the Elko Convention is underway. Norm Cavanaugh, "Shoshone Sites in Northeastern...
09/13/2021

Our second speaker of the afternoon for the Elko Convention is underway.

Norm Cavanaugh, "Shoshone Sites in Northeastern Nevada"

Norm is a member of the Dosa Wihii (white knife/flint) band of the Western Shoshoni that roamed throughout Northern Nevada and Northeastern Idaho, including the Boise Valley, prior to European settlements. His grandparents, James and Myrtle Cavanaugh, were among those forcefully moved from the Battle Mountain, Nevada area along with other Bands of Shoshoni to Owyhee, Nevada (Duck Valley) Indian Reservation under the Executive Order of President Ulysses Grant in April 1877.

Norm was born in Owyhee at the old Indian Health Service Hospital in 1954. He later married Antoinette (Harney, Garate) Cavanaugh from Owyhee and has four grown children. The two girls are now a Sanitarian and a Dietician, while the two boys are a Pharmacist and an EMT. He also has six grandchildren.

Norm's education began early as a child at home with Grandmother, sharing Creation stories about animals living on Mother Earth, Native Spirituality, respect for all living beings, and cultural beliefs.

He earned his elementary and high school diplomas from Owyhee Combined Schools in 1972 and a Bachelor of Education from Boise State University in 1976. He later earned a Masters in Public Health from the University of California - Berkeley in 1979. He continued his education, earning a Hospital Administrator Certificate from the University of Alabama - Birmingham in 1985.

Norm's career experiences include time spent as an Elementary Education Teacher at Owyhee Combined Schools in 1976-1977, the United States Public Health Service as a Commissioned Officer from 1979-2005, working at Great Basin College in the Indian Archives and as Fitness Director from 2005-2013, and then as an Independent Contractor and Educational Consultant with BARRICK Gold from 2005-2018.

Today, Norm's interests include story telling of Shoshoni Creation stories and Cultural beliefs of the Western Shoshoni People, picking Natural Herbal plants in the wild for processing for food or medicine, and teaching Shoshoni Language to youth willing to learn. He also enjoys hiking, gathering of traditional foods, and gardening.

Our second speaker of the afternoon for the Elko Convention is underway.

Norm Cavanaugh, "Shoshone Sites in Northeastern Nevada"

Norm is a member of the Dosa Wihii (white knife/flint) band of the Western Shoshoni that roamed throughout Northern Nevada and Northeastern Idaho, including the Boise Valley, prior to European settlements. His grandparents, James and Myrtle Cavanaugh, were among those forcefully moved from the Battle Mountain, Nevada area along with other Bands of Shoshoni to Owyhee, Nevada (Duck Valley) Indian Reservation under the Executive Order of President Ulysses Grant in April 1877.

Norm was born in Owyhee at the old Indian Health Service Hospital in 1954. He later married Antoinette (Harney, Garate) Cavanaugh from Owyhee and has four grown children. The two girls are now a Sanitarian and a Dietician, while the two boys are a Pharmacist and an EMT. He also has six grandchildren.

Norm's education began early as a child at home with Grandmother, sharing Creation stories about animals living on Mother Earth, Native Spirituality, respect for all living beings, and cultural beliefs.

He earned his elementary and high school diplomas from Owyhee Combined Schools in 1972 and a Bachelor of Education from Boise State University in 1976. He later earned a Masters in Public Health from the University of California - Berkeley in 1979. He continued his education, earning a Hospital Administrator Certificate from the University of Alabama - Birmingham in 1985.

Norm's career experiences include time spent as an Elementary Education Teacher at Owyhee Combined Schools in 1976-1977, the United States Public Health Service as a Commissioned Officer from 1979-2005, working at Great Basin College in the Indian Archives and as Fitness Director from 2005-2013, and then as an Independent Contractor and Educational Consultant with BARRICK Gold from 2005-2018.

Today, Norm's interests include story telling of Shoshoni Creation stories and Cultural beliefs of the Western Shoshoni People, picking Natural Herbal plants in the wild for processing for food or medicine, and teaching Shoshoni Language to youth willing to learn. He also enjoys hiking, gathering of traditional foods, and gardening.

Afternoon speakers are underway at the Elko Convention.  Leah Brady, "The First Encounter"Leah Brady was born in Elko an...
09/13/2021

Afternoon speakers are underway at the Elko Convention.

Leah Brady, "The First Encounter"

Leah Brady was born in Elko and graduated from Owyhee High School in 1973. She attended the University of Nevada, Reno, earning her Bachelor of Arts degree in education in 1977. For 23 years, she taught in Fallon and Schurz.

Wanting to continue the tradition of basketweaving, Leah learned from elders Elaine Christensen, Sylvia Dick, and Minnie Dick and specialized in Western Shoshone twined baskets and cradleboards.

Leah became a Master Weaver for the Nevada Folk Arts Program and teaches at workshops around the country and at Great Basin Native Basketweaver Association gatherings. She also was invited to the Smithsonian’s Folk Life Festival in 2006.

Leah also co-authored “Celebrating Nevada Indians,” a teaching curriculum distributed to elementary schools around the state.

Today, Leah continues to demonstrate traditional basketry, foods, and arts and crafts, both traveling to promote the GBNBA organization.

Afternoon speakers are underway at the Elko Convention.

Leah Brady, "The First Encounter"

Leah Brady was born in Elko and graduated from Owyhee High School in 1973. She attended the University of Nevada, Reno, earning her Bachelor of Arts degree in education in 1977. For 23 years, she taught in Fallon and Schurz.

Wanting to continue the tradition of basketweaving, Leah learned from elders Elaine Christensen, Sylvia Dick, and Minnie Dick and specialized in Western Shoshone twined baskets and cradleboards.

Leah became a Master Weaver for the Nevada Folk Arts Program and teaches at workshops around the country and at Great Basin Native Basketweaver Association gatherings. She also was invited to the Smithsonian’s Folk Life Festival in 2006.

Leah also co-authored “Celebrating Nevada Indians,” a teaching curriculum distributed to elementary schools around the state.

Today, Leah continues to demonstrate traditional basketry, foods, and arts and crafts, both traveling to promote the GBNBA organization.

Today officially kicks off the 39th Annual OCTA Convention in Elko! We are so glad to see each and every one of you who ...
09/13/2021

Today officially kicks off the 39th Annual OCTA Convention in Elko! We are so glad to see each and every one of you who made the journey out here!

#historicpreservation #historictrails #trailspreservation #oregontrails #californiatrails #OCTA

Today officially kicks off the 39th Annual OCTA Convention in Elko! We are so glad to see each and every one of you who made the journey out here!

#historicpreservation #historictrails #trailspreservation #oregontrails #californiatrails #OCTA

Photos from California Trail Interpretive Center's post
09/13/2021

Photos from California Trail Interpretive Center's post

09/12/2021

As you might be aware of, the Great Salt Lake is drying up rapidly. Earlier this year it reached its lowest recorded level (with records extending back to the first year of the Mormon Pioneers in 1847).

One consequence is that the Lake's color has changed. Instead of its blue-green color (from blue-green algae) as historically recorded and written about, it is now green! And its islands are no longer islands! Quite a change in appearance since the days of the California, Pony Express, and Mormon Pioneer Trails!

(Image thanks to: Utah Department of Natural Resources/ https://water.utah.gov/great-salt-lake/Three aerial images of a lake in a desert setting. 1986 the lake is blue, 2000 it is beginning to turn green, 2021 the lake is green)

For those who are not in Elko but would still like to see the General Membership meeting, you will be able to view it vi...
09/12/2021
Video Conferencing, Cloud Phone, Webinars, Chat, Virtual Events | Zoom

For those who are not in Elko but would still like to see the General Membership meeting, you will be able to view it via Zoom beginning tomorrow morning (Monday, September 13) at 9:45 AM Central. Link is below. Please keep yourself muted during the duration of the meeting.

Topic: General Membership meeting
Time: Sep 13, 2021 09:45 AM Central Time (US and Canada)

Join Zoom Meeting
https://us06web.zoom.us/j/84037199898?pwd=Nm1qcXBJUlZjRG05Y0dVdXNRSTJTUT09

Meeting ID: 840 3719 9898
Passcode: 592128
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+13462487799,,84037199898#,,,,*592128# US (Houston)

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Meeting ID: 840 3719 9898
Passcode: 592128
Find your local number: https://us06web.zoom.us/u/kbdceImcQh

Zoom's secure, reliable video platform powers all of your communication needs, including meetings, chat, phone, webinars, and online events.

Photos from California Trail Interpretive Center's post
09/12/2021

Photos from California Trail Interpretive Center's post

OCTA's board meeting is underway in Elko, Nevada today. It is a hybrid in-person/Zoom meeting. If you'd like to join the...
09/12/2021

OCTA's board meeting is underway in Elko, Nevada today. It is a hybrid in-person/Zoom meeting. If you'd like to join the Zoom meeting, click on the following link: https://us06web.zoom.us/s/89709092027?pwd=L1o1RldPYnVZOGtqUm5sRHh0ejBkZz09&fbclid=IwAR0Z_1UqvwieLaxjB-4FRQZFEO7KY9C8nRFn8Cy8Z-Xwas3BXIBklK-n2oI#success.

OCTA's board meeting is underway in Elko, Nevada today. It is a hybrid in-person/Zoom meeting. If you'd like to join the Zoom meeting, click on the following link: https://us06web.zoom.us/s/89709092027?pwd=L1o1RldPYnVZOGtqUm5sRHh0ejBkZz09&fbclid=IwAR0Z_1UqvwieLaxjB-4FRQZFEO7KY9C8nRFn8Cy8Z-Xwas3BXIBklK-n2oI#success.

Elko awaits! See you tomorrow!
09/12/2021

Elko awaits! See you tomorrow!

09/11/2021

If you won't be in Elko tomorrow, we will be live-streaming our board meeting on Zoom. The board book and proposed budget can be found at:

https://octa-trails.org/octa-bylaws-policies-strategic-plan/

The information for the Zoom Board Meeting is as follows:

Time: Sep 12, 2021 10:00 AM Central Time (US and Canada)

Join Zoom Meeting
https://us06web.zoom.us/j/89709092027?pwd=L1o1RldPYnVZOGtqUm5sRHh0ejBkZz09

Meeting ID: 897 0909 2027
Passcode: 378333
One tap mobile
+13462487799,,89709092027#,,,,*378333# US (Houston)
+16699006833,,89709092027#,,,,*378333# US (San Jose)

Dial by your location
+1 346 248 7799 US (Houston)
+1 669 900 6833 US (San Jose)
+1 253 215 8782 US (Tacoma)
+1 312 626 6799 US (Chicago)
+1 929 205 6099 US (New York)
+1 301 715 8592 US (Washington DC)
Meeting ID: 897 0909 2027
Passcode: 378333
Find your local number: https://us06web.zoom.us/u/krpKqanKS

09/11/2021

We have a member (OCTA Past President John Krizek from Prescott, Arizona) coming to the Elko convention who will miss his connecting flight in Salt Lake City tonight. Are any of our Crossroads Chapter members driving to Elko tomorrow morning, and if so, may he hitch a ride with you?

Photos from California Trail Interpretive Center's post
09/11/2021

Photos from California Trail Interpretive Center's post

Address

524 S Osage St.
Independence, MO
64050

Opening Hours

Monday 9am - 5pm
Tuesday 9am - 5pm
Wednesday 9am - 5pm
Thursday 9am - 5pm
Friday 9am - 5pm

Telephone

+18162522276

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Our Story

The Oregon-California Trails Association (a non-profit, 501 (C) (3) Association) is the nation's largest and most influential organization dedicated to the preservation and protection of overland emigrant trails and the emigrant experience. OCTA members protect the trails to prevent the destruction of trail remnants, graves and other trail-related sites. Members also place markers on the trails and maintain existing markers. OCTA also encourages the study of the trails through its publications and through the development of classroom materials for teachers. Members also map the trails and collect data for the documentation of overland diaries, newspapers and other materials. OCTA headquarters are located on the grounds of National Frontier Trails Museum (318 West Pacific, Independence, MO 64051) and house our Merrill J. Mattes Research Library. The Statement of Purpose for the Association, as adopted by the Board in 1987 and reaffirmed in 1991, is as follows: -To initiate and coordinate activities relating to the identification, preservation, interpretation and improved accessibility of extant rut segments, trail remains, graves and associated historic trail sites, landmarks, artifacts and objects along the overland western historic trails, roads, routes, branches, and cutoffs of the Trans-Mississippi region. -To prevent further deterioration of the foregoing and to take or pursue whatever measures necessary or advisable to cause more of the same to become accessible or more so to the general public. -To implement these purposes by acquiring either alone or through or jointly with others – federal, state, local, or private – title to the land or lands on which any of the same is located or a preservation or other easements with regard to the same – by purchase, gift or otherwise – and by cooperating with or initiating, coordinating, and assisting the efforts of such others to do so. -To publicize and seek public exposure of the goals and activities of the Association so as to create popular awareness of and concern for the necessity of preserving the foregoing. -To facilitate research projects about the aforesaid and to publish a journal as a forum for scholarly articles adding to the sum of knowledge about the same. Learn more about OCTA at our websites: octa-trails.org and octa-journals.org. Also, subscribe to our YouTube Channel, and follow us on Facebook, Instagram, and Twitter!


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