The inhabitants of ancient Egypt and France since the Middle Ages, were nicknamed by their neighbors «bread eaters», despite their great distance in time and space.
Ancient Egyptians first knew the unleavened bread, which was always used ritually at certain times. Then they invented bread making, making the bread dough rise with leavened dough, yeast-fermented dough, then kneading it and baking it in a clay oven, the dough of which was separated by a layer of sound.
The first observer who called the Egyptians «bread-eaters» was Hecateus of Miletus in the sixth century BC. Bread was a strange food for the Greeks, who were feeding on millet bushes, whereas it was a daily food for the Egyptians, a unit of measure and even a means of payment: in a society where money did not exist, and where the majority of the land belonged to the pharaoh or the Amon estates, taxes or royalties were paid in wheat or flour…
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