Kids Empowerment

Kids Empowerment Assurer la conformité des Etats aux exigences du droit international applicables aux enfants et aux jeunes. Kids Empowerment aims at the full realization of the development and potential of children and youth by full compliance with international law related to children and youth (0-25 year old).
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best practices, and most particularly the principles of the UNCRC and its Optional Protocols. To carry out its activities, the organization relies on the expertise and knowledge of professionals in the area of child rights – educators, social workers, lawyers, public administration specialists and others.

Fonctionnement normal

03/05/2021
destination-unknown.org

Destination Unknown, a network of organisations and young people united to protect children on the move, led by Terre des Hommes and of which Kids Empowerment is a member, has developed a new guide on child rights and the global compacts.

The guide analyses the Global Compact for Safe, Orderly and Regular Migration and the Global Compact on Refugees through a child rights lens and outlines the measures foreseen in these documents for the protection of the rights of the child.

It outlines what is in the Global Compacts that is of relevance for children and the provisions for the implementation, monitoring and review of these frameworks. It also suggests ways of engaging with the implementation of the Global Compacts.

Destination Unknown is committed to working in partnership and developed this guide to support people, organisations and agencies working to protect children on the move to make better use of the Global Compacts in their daily work, to the benefit of refugee and migrant children.

https://destination-unknown.org/assets/Uploads/8868d7d220/Destination-Unknown-Child-Rights-and-Global-Compacts-Guide-160421.pdf

03/05/2021
kidsempowerment.org

Kids Empowerment et le COFRADE ont, avec le soutien de Médecins Sans Frontières / MSF , Alliance des Avocats pour les Droits de l'Homme, Utopia 56 , Sorosa , États Généraux des Migrations , saisi le Comité des droits de l’enfant de l’Organisation des Nations-Unies afin de dénoncer les violations graves et systématiques des droits des mineurs non accompagnés (MNA) observées en France. Cette saisine, déclarée recevable par le Comité, ouvre la possibilité d’une enquête qui serait une étape clé vers la réforme du cadre réglementaire actuellement en vigueur en France et l’évolution de pratiques locales condamnables.

Pour plus d'informations veuillez consulter le communiqué de presse ci-dessous:
https://kidsempowerment.org/wp-content/uploads/2021/05/Communique%CC%81-de-Presse.pdf

#childrensrights #unaccompaniedminors #UnaccompaniedChildren #UNCRC

03/05/2021
kidsempowerment.org

Kids Empowerment and the COFRADE have, with the support of Médecins Sans Frontières / MSF, Alliance des Avocats pour les Droits de l'Homme, Utopia 56, Sorosa, États Généraux des Migrations , petitioned the United Nations Committee on the Rights of the Child (hereafter the Committee) to denounce serious and systematic breaches of the rights of unaccompanied minors (UNAM) in France. This petition, declared admissible by the Committee , opens the possibility for an inquiry. This would be an essential step forward aiming at the reform of the regulatory framework currently in force in France and the evolution away from reprehensible local practices.
See the Press Release below for more information:
https://kidsempowerment.org/wp-content/uploads/2021/05/Communique%CC%81-de-Presse-EN.pdf

#childrensrights #unaccompaniedminors #UnaccompaniedChildren #UNCRC

Chaos on the US-Mexico Border and Reconstruction of the US Immigration System: The Biden Administration has temporarily ...
29/03/2021
Biden immigration reform: New citizenship bills and border closures and what that means for citizenship

Chaos on the US-Mexico Border and Reconstruction of the US Immigration System:

The Biden Administration has temporarily closed the Southern border of the United States while the immigration system is being repaired and revamped. This announcement comes after the House of Representatives passed two bills which allow for certain migrants to obtain permanent resident status. Secretary of Homeland Security Alejandro Mayorkas explained that although all families and single adults were being expelled, unaccompanied minors would be able to remain in the country. The justification for the closure is two pronged, amid a surge at the border, the US government requires time to rebuild the legal immigration mechanisms dismantled under the Trump administration.

Click here for the full article:
https://www.cnet.com/how-to/biden-immigration-reform-new-citizenship-bills-and-border-closures-and-what-that-means-for-citizenship/

The southern US border is closed just days after the House of Representatives passes two new immigration reform bills. Here's what it means for citizenship and green cards.

Kids Empowerment est heureuse de vous partager la publication de ce communiqué de presse initié par le GISTI (GROUPE D'I...
27/03/2021
Une entente franco-marocaine au détriment de la protection de l’enfance [Actions collectives] ⋅ GISTI

Kids Empowerment est heureuse de vous partager la publication de ce communiqué de presse initié par le GISTI (GROUPE D'INFORMATION ET DE SOUTIEN DES IMMIGRES) dont elle est signataire.

Le gouvernement français doit renoncer à mettre en œuvre la Déclaration d'entente sur la protection des mineurs signée le 7 décembre dernier avec le Maroc. Cette déclaration a pour objet d'organiser le (...)

Brexit has brought far reaching changes to UK foreign policy. One notable shift is occurring in the area of asylum law. ...
26/03/2021
Post-Brexit Britain begins to close doors to unaccompanied children without relatives in the UK

Brexit has brought far reaching changes to UK foreign policy. One notable shift is occurring in the area of asylum law. Asylum seekers who enter the territory illegally will be penalized in the form of greater chances of removal and the obtention of temporary protection instead of refugee status, even if they qualify as such. Additionally, those who have passed through safe countries prior to their arrival in the UK will not have immediate access to the asylum system, and will be directed to a previously travelled country.

Unaccompanied minors are not spared either. The British Government’s choice to prioritize the protection of those coming from dangerous conflict zones closes safe routes and means for unaccompanied minors without relatives to access the territory. Unaccompanied minors on the Aegean islands and in Calais now have no legal routes to enter the UK. The Government prefers to lift children out of conflict zones. The Government is justifying this decision by explaining that they have to care for the children they already have before taking on responsibility for more. With 5,000 unaccompanied minors in the territory already, local authorities are already under significant strain.

Still curious? Click on the link below:
https://www.infomigrants.net/en/post/29880/post-brexit-britain-begins-to-close-doors-to-unaccompanied-children-without-relatives-in-the-uk

The British government says its priority is providing sanctuary to those in dangerous conflict zones post-Brexit. Effectively, this means that unaccompanied children without relatives in the UK no longer have a safe passage to Britain, say campaigners.

01/03/2021
As the number of unaccompanied minors in the French territory increases, the number which the States recognizes as being...
22/02/2021
Jeunes migrants en France : « Ils disent que je ne suis pas mineur »

As the number of unaccompanied minors in the French territory increases, the number which the States recognizes as being such is decreasing. A report published by Senator Elisabeth Doineau in the Summer of 2017 found that the number of unaccompanied minors taken charge of across the entire territory could have reached 25 000 by the end of 2017. While the average national rate of minority recognition is 40%, it doesn’t exceed 15% in some departments.

In 2017, of the 6 676 youth who participated in an initial interview to be recognized as unaccompanied minors, 3 622 were determined to be adults and 3 054 were sheltered for the time of further evaluation of their claim to minority. Following this step, only 1 170 or 17.5% of the youth were recognized as unaccompanied minors and granted the accompanying protections. 85% were turned away.

To find out more, check out the links below:

The Senate report: https://www.senat.fr/rap/r16-598/r16-598.html

La Croix Article:
https://www.la-croix.com/France/Exclusion/Jeunes-migrants-France-disent-suis-pas-mineur-2018-02-28-1200917072

De plus en plus de migrants très jeunes arrivent en France. Mais moins de la moitié se voient reconnaître comme mineurs. À Pantin, près de Paris, Médecins sans frontières a ouvert un centre pour aider ces adolescents qui ne bénéficient d’aucune prise en charge.

One of the consequences of former President Donald Trump’s “zero tolerance” policy towards immigration is the separation...
16/02/2021
Biden creating task force to reunite families separated at the border

One of the consequences of former President Donald Trump’s “zero tolerance” policy towards immigration is the separation of thousands families upon entry into the United States. When Immigration Officials separated families, the children were treated as unaccompanied minors and placed in detention centers for migrant youth. To this day, the pain and suffering of the affected families cannot be quantified or underestimated.

To remedy this dreadful situation, this month, President Joe Biden signed 3 Executive Orders which aim to reform the immigration system and undo the damage of the previous administration. A task force chaired by the Homeland Security Secretary will work to identify all the families which were separated as a result of the “zero tolerance” policy. The secretaries of state and health and human services will serve as vice-chairs to the task force and manage family reunification on a case by case basis, considering different immigration benefit determinations for different families.

The articles below provide more information on the effects of family separation and immigration reform.

The impact of family separation:
https://www.theguardian.com/us-news/2021/jan/04/trump-administration-family-separation-immigrants-joe-biden

President Biden’s immigration reforms:
https://abcnews.go.com/Politics/biden-create-task-force-reunite-families-separated-border/story?id=75619761

President Joe Biden is working to roll back many of former President Donald Trump's restrictive immigration policies.

11/01/2021
CP MSF - Covid-19 : des lieux adaptés doivent être ouverts en urgence pour héberger les personnes à la rue, en particulier les mineurs non accompagnés - InfoMIE.net

As the vaccination process begins, it is the perfect occasion to reflect on how unaccompanied minors in France fared throughout the Covid-19 pandemic.

In May 2020, Médecins Sans Frontières reported that Departamental Councils abandoned procedures leading to the recognition of minority and isolation. Accommodation, access to healthcare and food have been offered almost exclusively by civil society groups and non-profit organizations.

No minors with claims under consideration were offered appropriate lodging adapted to the pandemic in spite of the numerous health warnings and risks. Without the continued and invaluable work of NGOs, many unaccompanied minors would have spent the first confinement outside. Still, 100s of unaccompanied minors were left homeless.

In November 2020, the situation had yet to change. NGOs such as MSF, Utopia 56, and TIMMY were responsible for the distribution of food tents, blankets, sleeping bags and medical treatment with no government support on the horizon.

Médecins Sans Frontières communiqué de presse, mai 2020: https://www.msf.fr/communiques-presse/covid-19-un-bilan-inacceptable-pour-les-mineurs-non-accompagnes-en-france

Médecins Sans Frontières communiqué de presse, novembre 2020: https://www.infomie.net/spip.php?article6097&lang=fr

Source : MSF France Date : 12 novembre 2020 « Alors que le président Emmanuel Macron déclarait le 28 octobre que la deuxième vague de Covid-19 (...)

"Terrible images, a terrible reality" meant that "we must show solidarity with Greece and also live up to European value...
14/09/2020
Moria migrants: Germany, France will take in 400 children from Greece’s refugee camp | DW | 10.09.2020

"Terrible images, a terrible reality" meant that "we must show solidarity with Greece and also live up to European values." - Emmanuel Macron

The fire at Moria Refugee Camp on the Greek Island of Lesvos left thousands sleeping on the side of the road. In response, Macron and Merkel agreed to a deal on September 10th allowing 400 unaccompanied minors to move at the request of the Greek government to other parts of the European Union. Ms Merkel has already agreed to take some of the children. The Netherlands also agreed to accept 100 unaccompanied minors and families with children from the camp. Ms Merkel has called for the development of a better EU migration policy.

To learn more about the fire and reactions from other communities, click on the following link:
https://www.dw.com/en/moria-migrants-germany-france-will-take-in-400-children-from-greeces-refugee-camp/a-54882965

Berlin and Paris said they plan to move 400 minors from the Greek migrant camp destroyed in a blaze. Angela Merkel said she hoped other EU nations would assume a "shared responsibility" and accept some of the minors.

24/06/2020

A glance at the situation of unaccompanied minors in the Americas:

The current unrest in the United States centered around the Covid-19 pandemic and protests for racial justice has in part drawn attention away from the dire situation of unaccompanied minors in and around the southern border.

On March 20th, the Center for Disease Control (CDC) issued an order to send away all asylum seeking individuals at the border without valid documents. This order operates outside the normal asylum procedure and provides no opportunity for hearings or the assertion of claims. In essence, the medical quarantine authorization overrides the protections of immigration and refugee laws by implementing an unreviewable Border Patrol health expulsion mechanism, which is unrelated to identifying infected individuals.

Since the implementation of this expulsion policy, migrant minors have been turned away in large numbers. In May, of the 1,001 arrests of unaccompanied minors at the border, just 39 were referred to the office of refugee resettlement and avoided expulsion. Although the Refugee Agency has the capacity to care for 13,000 migrant children, there are just 975 in their custody. Since 2008, a bi-partisan anti-trafficking law has protected most non-Mexican minors from immediate deportation and directed them to the Refugee Agency. As long as Trump’s expulsion order is in place, this program is out of service.

To learn more follow the links below:

The situation of unaccompanied minors and migrant children at the US/Mexico border:
https://www.cbsnews.com/news/unaccompanied-migrant-children-trump-expulsion-border-policy/

An explanation of Trump’s Expulsion Order: https://law.stanford.edu/2020/04/15/coronavirus-border-expulsions-cdcs-assault-on-asylum-seekers-and-unaccompanied-minors/

20/06/2020

Every minute, 20 people leave their livelihoods behind them in order to evade war, persecution and violence. Today, Saturday June 20th, marks World Refugee Day, an occasion to celebrate the courage and resilience of the 79.5 million forcibly displaced people worldwide, of which nearly 26 million are children. In the EU alone, as of 2018, there were 20,000 unaccompanied children seeking asylum. Many child refugees are unaccompanied, are discriminated against when attempting to access education, healthcare and protective services, or are seen and treated as adults.

This day of celebration comes at a particularly trying moment in our social and political history. Nationalism and xenophobia pose a serious threat to the rights of forcibly displaced people. It is our job to stand in solidarity with refugees and asylum seekers of all ages, genders and creeds and to advocate for their rights and humanity.

To find out more about refugees and the legal frameworks which define their rights, check out the links below:

UNHCR - Figures at a Glance: https://www.unhcr.org/figures-at-a-glance.html
1951 Refugee Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees: https://www.unhcr.org/5d9ed32b4
1967 Protocol Relating to the Status of Refugees: https://www.unhcr.org/5d9ed66a4

10/06/2020

International and regional legal frameworks oblige all States to fulfill every child’s right to acquire a nationality and respect their best interest as a primary consideration. In spite of the myriad of conventions covering the issue, approximately only half of the European countries have safeguards which prevent children from growing up stateless. A birth certificate opens the door to acquiring a nationality and all the added benefits, such as access to education, healthcare and protective services.

Unfortunately, there are many instances where children are deprived of this right. In Europe in 2017, 2000 children registered as stateless applied for asylum. Undocumented and or underdocumented children in irregular and migratory situations are at risk of being stateless due to a lack of standardized, child rights-based procedures designed to identify and protect stateless people.

The Initiative for Children in Migration published a brief and in depth examination of the issue of stateless children in Europe, giving the reader an overview of the regional and international legal frameworks, the role of institutions, the affected populations, the barriers to obtaining nationality and key actions that States and regional institutions can take.

The report is available here:
https://www.statelessness.eu/sites/www.statelessness.eu/files/attachments/resources/ENS_Right-to-a-nationality-for-children-in-migration.pdf

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